Definition of Acute kidney failure

1. Noun. Renal failure associated with burns or other trauma or with acute infection or obstruction of the urinary tract.

Exact synonyms: Acute Renal Failure
Generic synonyms: Kidney Failure, Renal Failure



Medical Definition of Acute kidney failure

1. A sudden decline in renal function may be triggered by a number of acute disease processes. Examples include sepsis (infection), shock, trauma, kidney stones, kidney infection, drug toxicity (aspirin or lithium), poisons or toxins (drug abuse) or after injection with an iodinated contrast dye (adverse effect). Chronic renal failure represents a slow decline in kidney function over time. Chronic renal failure may be caused by a number of disorders which include long-standing hypertension, diabetes, congestive heart failure, lupus or sickle cell anaemia. Both forms of renal failure result in a life-threatening metabolic derangement. (27 Sep 1997)

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Acute Kidney Failure

acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis
acute haemorrhagic encephalitis
acute haemorrhagic glomerulonephritis
acute haemorrhagic leukoencephalitis
acute hemorrhagic encephalitis
acute idiopathic polyneuritis
acute illness
acute inclusion body encephalitis
acute infectious nonbacterial gastroenteritis
acute inflammation
acute inflammatory polyneuropathy
acute intermittent porphyria
acute interstitial nephritis
acute interstitial pneumonia
acute interstitial pneumonitis
acute kidney failure (current term)
acute kidney transplant rejection
acute leukaemia
acute leukemia
acute lobar nephrosis
acute lower GI haemorrhage
acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
acute lymphoblastic leukemia
acute lymphocytic leukaemia
acute lymphocytic leukemia
acute malaria
acute mania
acute membranous gingivitis
acute miliary tuberculosis
acute monocytic leukaemia

Literary usage of Acute kidney failure

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Alcohols Effect on Organ Function edited by Dianne M. Welsh (1997)
"... fluid handling and even acute kidney failure. KEY WORDS: kidney function; ... from mild variations in fluid balance to acute kidney failure and death. ..."

2. Managing Hazardous Materials Incidents: Medical Management Guidelines for by Jonathan Borak, Kent R. Olson (1996)
"Its primary effect after inhalation is massive destruction of red blood cells resulting in acute kidney failure. • Signs and symptoms of acute arsine ..."

3. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences by Southern Society for Clinical Investigation (U.S.) (1899)
"He has observed that in acute kidney failure complicating pregnancy the thyroid is not enlarged, although this is not true in patients suffering from ..."

4. Impacts Of Antibiotic-resistant Bacteria by DIANE Publishing Company (1996)
"Nevada's outbreak caused 58 cases of bloody diarrhea and acute kidney failure. None had been reported to the health department because physicians and ..."

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