Definition of Arabinose

1. n. A sugar of the composition C5H10O5, obtained from cherry gum by boiling it with dilute sulphuric acid.

Definition of Arabinose

1. Noun. (carbohydrates) An aldopentose that occurs most often in polysaccharides such as hemicellulose and pectin. ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Arabinose

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Arabinose

1. A pentose monosaccharide that occurs in both D- and L- configurations. D-arabinose is the 2 epimer of D-ribose, i.e. Differs from D-ribose by having the opposite configuration at carbon 2. D-arabinose occurs inter alia in the polysaccharide arabinogalactan, a neutral pectin of the cell wall of plants and in the metabolites cytosine arabinoside and adenine arabinoside. This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology (22 Feb 2008)

Arabinose Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Arabinose

arabinofuranosylcytosine
arabinofuranosylcytosine triphosphate
arabinofuranosyluracil
arabinogalactan
arabinogalactans
arabinoic acid
arabinonate
arabinonates
arabinonucleic
arabinonucleic acid
arabinonucleosides
arabinonucleotides
arabinopyranose
arabinopyranoside
arabinopyranosides
arabinose (current term)
arabinose-5-phosphate isomerase
arabinoses
arabinoside
arabinosides
arabinosis
arabinosuria
arabinosyl-hydroxyproline transferase
arabinosyladenine
arabinosylcytosine
arabinosyltransferase
arabinoxylan
arabins
arabise
arabised

Literary usage of Arabinose

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. A Treatise on Chemistry by Henry Enfield Roscoe, Carl Schorlemmer (1884)
"... thought was galactose.6 Scheibler, however, further examined this gum-sugar, and stated it to be a new substance and termed it arabinose.7 Kiliani, ..."

2. A Handbook of Sugar Analysis: A Practical and Descriptive Treatise for Use by Charles Albert Browne (1912)
"1-arabinose gives all the general reactions described for reducing sugars ... The best method for detecting 1-arabinose in presence of other sugars (as in ..."

3. A Dictionary of Applied Chemistry by Thomas Edward Thorpe (1921)
"CHO I HOCH HCOH HCOH I CH2OH d-arabinose. A similar relationship exists between galactose and arabinose, which occur together in many gums, ..."

4. Victor Von Richter's Organic Chemistry; Or, Chemistry of the Carbon by Victor von Richter, Richard Anschütz, Georg Schroeter (1900)
"[d + 1] arabinose is formed by the union of the two optically active ... CHO, is obtained from 1-arabinose, by oxidizing the latter to ..."

5. A Dictionary of Applied Chemistry by Thomas Edward Thorpe (1912)
"/arabinose C6H,0O, is obtained by hydrolysis of most gums, particularly gum arabic and cherry gum. Preparation.—A solution of gum arabic, or allied gum ..."

6. A Handbook of Sugar Analysis: A Practical and Descriptive Treatise for Use by Charles Albert Browne (1912)
"1-arabinose gives all the general reactions described for reducing sugars and ... The best method for detecting 1-arabinose in presence of other sugars (as ..."

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