Definition of Axon

1. Noun. Long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron.

Exact synonyms: Axone
Generic synonyms: Nerve Fiber, Nerve Fibre
Group relationships: Nerve Cell, Neuron
Terms within: Nerve End, Nerve Ending
Derivative terms: Axonal



Definition of Axon

1. Noun. (cytology) A nerve fibre which is a long slender projection of a nerve cell, and which conducts nerve impulses away from the body of the cell to a synapse. ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Axon

1. the central process of a neuron [n -S] : AXONAL, AXONIC [adj]

Medical Definition of Axon

1. A long process of a neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body towards target cells. Each nerve cell has one axon, which can be over a foot long. A nerve cell communicates with another nerve cell by transmitting signals from the branches at the end of its axon. At the terminal end of the axon, the impulses are transmitted to other nerve cells or to effector organs. In the peripheral nervous system, the larger (myelinated) axons are surrounded by a myelin sheath formed by concentric layers of plasma membrane of the schwann cell. In the central nervous system, the function of the schwann cell is supplied by oligodendrocytes (oligodendroglia). See: dendrite. (03 Jul 1999)

Axon Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Axon

axodendritic
axodendritic synapse
axodine
axodines
axofugal
axoglial
axograph
axoid
axoids
axolemma
axolemmal
axolemmas
axolotl
axolotls
axolysis
axon (current term)
axon degeneration
axon hillock
axon loss polyneuropathy
axon reflex
axon terminals
axonal
axonal degeneration
axonal guidance
axonal polyneuropathy
axonal process
axonal terminal boutons
axonal transport
axonally
axone

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