Definition of Cardiac output

1. Noun. The amount of blood pumped out by the ventricles in a given period of time. "A resting adult has a cardiac output of about three quarts a minute"

Generic synonyms: Flow, Flow Rate, Rate Of Flow

Medical Definition of Cardiac output

1. A measurement of the blood flow through the heart to the systemic (and pulmonary) circulation. Cardiac output is expressed as volume of blood per unit time or litres/minute. Cardiac output can be calculated using the Fick method (oxygen consumption divided by arteriovenous oxygen difference) or by the thermodilution technique, using a Swan-Ganz catheter. (27 Sep 1997)

Cardiac Output Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Cardiac Output

cardiac lymphatic ring
cardiac mapping
cardiac massage
cardiac monitor
cardiac murmur
cardiac muscle
cardiac muscle tissue
cardiac muscle wrap
cardiac muscles
cardiac neurosis
cardiac notch
cardiac notch of left lung
cardiac oedema
cardiac opening
cardiac orifice
cardiac output (current term)
cardiac pacemaker
cardiac part of stomach
cardiac plexus
cardiac polyp
cardiac prominence
cardiac reserve
cardiac resuscitation
cardiac rhabdomyoma
cardiac rhythm
cardiac risk
cardiac segment
cardiac shock
cardiac skeleton
cardiac souffle

Literary usage of Cardiac output

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Science by American Association for the Advancement of Science (1883)
"Blood flow in ascending aorta (cardiac output) and other systemic arteries ... The increase in cardiac output was due more to a greater (29 percent) stroke ..."

2. Blood-pressure: Its Clinical Applications by George William Norris (1917)
"At slow and moderate rates the cardiac output per minute is probably proportional to the cardiac rate. At more rapid rates the minute output increases with ..."

3. Physiology and Biochemistry in Modern Medicine by John James Rickard Macleod (1922)
"Starling and his pupils have in this way thrown much light on the methods by which the cardiac output is adjusted so as to meet the ever-varying demands of ..."

4. The Oxford Medicine by Henry Asbury Christian, James Mackenzie (1920)
"On theoretical grounds blood pressure will rise either as the result of an increased cardiac output, peripheral resistance remaining unchanged, ..."

5. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (1903)
"First, hy- might decrease cardiac output which then lead to a decrease in both ... Although cardiac output was not ired in this study blood pressure re- id ..."

6. Hearts and Arteries: What Scientists Are Learning About Age and the by Caroline McNeil (1994)
"At maximum exercise capacity, both stroke volume and cardiac output increase in older men. In many ways, at maximum capacity, older athletes' heart function ..."

7. Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General by Audrey F. Manley (1998)
"cardiac output cardiac output (Q) is the total volume of blood pumped by the left ventricle of the heart per minute. It is the product of heart rate (HR, ..."

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