Definition of Codon

1. Noun. A specific sequence of three adjacent nucleotides on a strand of DNA or RNA that specifies the genetic code information for synthesizing a particular amino acid.

Generic synonyms: Sequence



Definition of Codon

1. Noun. (biochemistry) A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides, which encode for a specific amino acid during protein synthesis, or translation. Three special codons, called "stop codons," signal protein synthesis to terminate. ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Codon

1. a triplet of nucleotides (basic components of DNA) [n -S]

Medical Definition of Codon

1. The coding unit of DNA that specifies the function of the corresponding messenger RNA. A triplet of bases recognised by anticodons on transfer RNA and hence specifying an amino acid to be incorporated into a protein sequence. The code is degenerate, i.e. Each amino acid has more than one codon. The stop codon determines the end of a polypeptide. This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology (11 Mar 2008)

Codon Pictures

Click the following link to bring up a new window with an automated collection of images related to the term: Codon Images

Lexicographical Neighbors of Codon

codling moths
codlings
codlins
codlins-and-cream
codogenic
codology
codomain
codomains
codominance
codominant
codominant allele
codominant gene
codominant inheritance
codominant trait
codominants
codon (current term)
codons
codoped
codoping
codpieces
codrive
codriven
codriver
codrivers
codrives
codriving
codrove
cods
codswallop

Literary usage of Codon

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal (1833)
"I was at first inclined to consider codon as belonging to the ... and although in codon the stamens and divisions of the calyx and corolla are doubled in ..."

2. Science by American Association for the Advancement of Science (1883)
"If a simple hydrogen-bonded association of codon and anticodon is the basis of tRNA recognition, how can these two proteins influence the error frequency of ..."

3. Smokeless Tobacco Or Health: An International Perspective by DIANE Publishing Company (1995)
"Nine samples showed A —> G transition in codon 61.2 resulting in glutamine ... G —> T transversion was observed in seven samples at codon 12.2 with glycine ..."

4. Genomic Signal Processing and Statistics by R. Dougherty, Edward R Dougherty (2005)
"This results in the codon vectorial representation illustrated in Figure 1.10 for ... Applying the same rule for all the 64 codons, the codon tetrahedral ..."

5. A Bibliography on Computational Molecular Biology and Geneticsby Sarah Barron, Matthew Witten, Gongxian Liu by Sarah Barron, Matthew Witten, Gongxian Liu (1992)
"[1774] SHARP, PM codon usage and the silent molecular clock: variation among genes and among organisms, (in) Modelling and Computer Methods in Molecular ..."

Other Resources Relating to: Codon

Search for Codon on Dictionary.com!Search for Codon on Thesaurus.com!Search for Codon on Google!Search for Codon on Wikipedia!

Search