Definition of Confounding

1. Adjective. That confounds or contradicts or confuses.

Exact synonyms: Contradictory
Similar to: Unsupportive
Derivative terms: Contradict



Definition of Confounding

1. Verb. (present participle of confound) ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Confounding

1. confound [v] - See also: confound

Medical Definition of Confounding

1. 1. A situation in which the effects of two or more processes are not separated; the distortion of the apparent effect of an exposure on risk, brought about by the association with other factors that can influence the outcome. 2. A relationship between the effects of two or more causal factors observed in a set of data, such that it is not logically possible to separate the contribution of any single causal factor to the observed effects. (05 Mar 2000)

Confounding Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Confounding

conformism
conformisms
conformist
conformists
conformities
conformity
conforms
confound
confounded
confoundedly
confoundedness
confounder
confounders
confoundest
confoundeth
confounding (current term)
confounding factor
confounding variable
confoundingly
confounds
confraternal
confraternities
confraternity
confraternization
confraters
confrere
confreres
confront
confrontal
confrontals

Literary usage of Confounding

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Indoor Air Quality & Work Environment Study: Epa Headquarters Buildingsby Kevin Teichman by Kevin Teichman (1991)
"3 Potential confounding Variables Models for relating employee-reported health ... This section describes the various types of potential confounding ..."

2. A Lifelong Passion: Nicholas and Alexandra: Their Own Story by Andrei Maylunas (2005)
"These differences in postpartum drinking and smoking were not due entirely to habits before conception or to the influence of other potentially confounding ..."

3. A Practical Rhetoric: For Instruction in English Composition and Revision in by John Scott Clark (1886)
"Avoid confounding with other forma. As a matter of fact, ... The constant and common danger here is that of confounding the exposition with narration hi the ..."

4. Dynamic Sociology: Or Applied Social Science, as Based Upon Statical by Lester Frank Ward (1911)
"... ethical opinions—Varying powers of moral discernment— confounding religion with morality—confounding custom with morality— Dynamic opinions—Cosmologica! ..."

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