### Definition of Covariate

**1.** Noun. (statistics) A variable that is possibly predictive of the outcome under study. ¹

¹ *Source: wiktionary.com*

### Definition of Covariate

**1.** [n -S]

### Covariate Pictures

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### Lexicographical Neighbors of Covariate

### Literary usage of Covariate

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

**1.** *Analysis of Censored Data: Proceedings of the Workshop on Analysis of* by Hira L. Koul, J. V. Deshpande, Institute of Mathematical Statistics (1995)

"5.2 Checking the effect of a **covariate** The problem of checking the ... If the
**covariate** is discrete or can be discretized with a reasonable number of ..."**2.** *Meta-Analysis of Drug Abuse Prevention Programs* edited by William J. Bukoski (1998)

"Each of the **covariate** clusters was entered into the regression equation before
the primary independent variable. The sequence of entry for the **covariate**s ..."**3.** *Selected Proceedings of the Symposium on Estimating Functions* by Ishwar V. Basawa, Robert Lee Taylor, V. P. Godambe (1997)

"Suppose we also have some knowledge about how the parameter of interest affects
the conditional distribution of the **covariate** given the past. ..."**4.** *Statistics and Science: A Festschrift for Terry Speed* by Darlene Renee Goldstein, Terry Speed (2003)

"... are multiple observations for some or all of the **covariate** combinations.
In such cases it is usually more natural to associate the saturated alternative ..."**5.** *Biodiversity and the Management of the Madrean Archipelago: The Sky Islands* edited by Leonard F. DeBano (1999)

"This effect was non-significant in ANOVA without the use of a **covariate** (Table
1) as well as in ANCOVA using appropriate **covariate**s. ..."**6.** *New Developments and Applications in Experimental Design: Selected* by William F. Rosenberger, Nancy Flournoy, Weng Kee Wong (1998)

"At 200 trials £ for the **covariate** balanced strategy is about 1.63, the second
largest value. The designs for q = 10 in Figure 3 show similar features for ..."**7.** *SAS/QC 9.1* by SAS Institute (2004)

"For instance, if the treatments are different types of animal feed, a typical
**covariate** might be the initial weight of each animal. ..."**8.** *Analysis of Longitudinal and Cluster-Correlated Data* by Nan M. Laird (2004)

"In the setting where j indexes occasions of measurements, the **covariate** Xij may
... Classification according to whether the values taken by a **covariate** ..."