Definition of Coxsackie virus
1. Noun. Enterovirus causing a disease resembling poliomyelitis but without paralysis.
Medical Definition of Coxsackie virus
A group of picornaviruses, included in the genus Enterovirus, first isolated in a village called Coxsackie, New York, USA.
Coxsackie virus has a spherical shape, about 28 nm in diameter, and causes myositis, paralysis, and death in young mice, and is responsible for a variety of diseases in man, and probably accounts for as many as 50% of all cases of viral pericarditis and myocarditis. Other infections include; herpangina, aseptic meningitis, a common-cold-like syndrome, a non-paralytic poliomyelitis-like syndrome, epidemic pleurodynia, and a serious myocarditis. Also causes hand, foot and mouth disease.
They are divided antigenically into two groups, A and B, each of which includes a number of serological types.
Coxsackie A viruses are divided into 24 serotypes and are associated with or implicated in herpangina, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, aseptic meningitis, paralytic disease, encephalitis, ataxia, acute onset juvenile diabetes, and cardiac diseases with diffuse myositis. Coxsackie A24 variant can cause acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis.
Coxsackie B is divided into 6 serotypes and associated with epidemic pleurodynia (b1, b3), myocarditis and endocarditis (b3, b1), respiratory disorders (b3, b5), and kidney, pancreas, and liver disorders. It can also produce focal areas of degeneration in brain and skeletal muscle. Similar to polioviruses in chemical and physical properties.
Origin: Coxsackie, N.Y., where first isolated
(08 Mar 2000)
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Lexicographical Neighbors of Coxsackie Virus
Literary usage of Coxsackie virus
Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:
1. Mineral Requirements for Military Personnel: Levels Needed for Cognitive and by Food and Nutrition Board, Committee on Military Nutrition Research, National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) (2006)
"... coxsackie virus B3 AND SELENIUM DEFICIENCY The discovery that the cardiomyopathy
know as Keshan disease has a dual etiology that involves both a ..."
2. Diabetes in America by Ronald Aubert (1996)
"D'Alessio DJ: A case-control study of group B coxsackie virus immunoglobulin M
antibody prevalence and HLA-DR antigens in newly diagnosed cases of ..."
3. Drinking Water Distribution Systems: Assessing and Reducing Risks by National Academies Press, National Research Council (U.S.), National Academies Press (U.S. (2006)
"coxsackie virus B was detected in the biofilms of mains exiting a water treatment
plant (Vanden Bossche and Kreit- meyer, 1995). The elimination of biofilms ..."
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