Definition of Endemic typhus

1. Noun. Acute infection caused by rickettsia and transmitted by the bite of an infected flea; characterized by fever and chills and muscle aches and a rash.

Exact synonyms: Murine Typhus, Rat Typhus, Urban Typhus
Generic synonyms: Typhus, Typhus Fever

Medical Definition of Endemic typhus

1. Murine typhus, an acute infectious disease with fever, headache, and rash, all quite similar to, but milder than, epidemic typhus, caused by a related microoganism, Rickettsia typhi (mooseri), transmitted to humans by rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis). The animal reservoir includes rats, mice and other rodents. Murine typhus occurs sporadically worldwide but is more prevalent in congested rat-infested urban areas. Also known as rat-flea typhus or urban typhus of Malaya. (12 Dec 1998)

Endemic Typhus Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Endemic Typhus

endemic disease
endemic diseases
endemic fadeout
endemic goiter
endemic haematuria
endemic haemoptysis
endemic hypertrophy
endemic index
endemic influenza
endemic neuritis
endemic nonbacterial infantile gastroenteritis
endemic paralytic vertigo
endemic stability
endemic syphilis
endemic typhus (current term)

Literary usage of Endemic typhus

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Diseases of the stomach, intestines, and pancreas by Robert Coleman Kemp (1917)
"MILD endemic typhus, OR BRILL'S DISEASE Definition.—This is an acute infectious disease, a mild endemic typhus, characterized by a short incubation period, ..."

2. Infectious Diseases by James Cornelius Wilson, Julius Lincoln Salinger (1910)
"The determining factor of these endemic typhus fever countries has not been definitely fixed, probably in the mode of life and the conditions of living of ..."

3. Contributions to Medical and Biological Research by William Osler (1919)
"... of endemic and epidemic cases of the disease, thus proving the identity of endemic typhus fever, epidemic typhus fever, and experimental typhus fever. ..."

4. The New Sydenham Society's Lexicon of Medicine and the Allied Sciences Henry Power, Leonard William Sedgwick, New Sydenham Society by Henry Power, Leonard William Sedgwick, New Sydenham Society (1882)
"Term for a form of camp fever, or endemic typhus, formerly prevalent in Hungary ; also called Lues ..."

5. The Oxford Medicine by Henry Asbury Christian, James Mackenzie (1920)
"endemic typhus is essentially urban, and the highest incidence is in those ... In endemic typhus it appears first on the chest and upper abdomen. ..."

6. Health Information for International Travel edited by Rosamond R. Dewart (1999)
"Occurrence The highest incidence of endemic typhus in temperate areas occurs during ... Risk for Travelers endemic typhus occurs mostly in persons living in ..."

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