Definition of Exchequer

1. Noun. The funds of a government or institution or individual.

Definition of Exchequer

1. n. One of the superior courts of law; -- so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table.

2. v. t. To institute a process against (any one) in the Court of Exchequer.

Definition of Exchequer

1. Noun. (British) the government department that collects and manages revenue ¹

2. Noun. a treasury ¹

3. Noun. an available fund of money, especially one for a specific purpose ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Exchequer

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Exchequer

1. 1. One of the superior courts of law; so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table. The exchequer was a court of law and equity. In the revenue department, it had jurisdiction over the proprietary rights of the crown against subjects; in the common law department, it administered justice in personal actions between subject and subject. A person proceeding against another in the revenue department was said to exchequer him. The judges of this court were one chief and four puisne barons, so styled. The Court of Exchequer Chamber sat as court of error in which the judgments of each of the superior courts of common law, in England, were subject to revision by the judges of the other two sitting collectively. Causes involving difficult questions of law were sometimes after argument, adjourned into this court from the other courts, for debate before judgment in the court below. Recent legislation in England (1880) has abolished the Court of Exchequer and the Court of Exchequer Chamber, as distinct tribunals, a single board of judiciary, the High Court of Justice, being established for the trial of all classes of civil cases. 2. The department of state having charge of the collection and management of the royal revenue. Hence, the treasury; and, colloquially, pecuniary possessions in general; as, the company's exchequer is low. Barons of the exchequer. See Baron. Chancellor of the exchequer. See Chancellor. Exchequer bills or bonds, bills of money, or promissory bills, issued from the exchequer by authority of Parliament; a species of paper currency emitted under the authority of the government, and bearing interest. Origin: OE. Escheker, OF. Eichekier, fr. LL. Scaccarium. See Checker, Chess, Check. Source: Websters Dictionary (01 Mar 1998)

Exchequer Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Exchequer

exchange transfusion
exchange zone
exchange zones
exchequer (current term)

Literary usage of Exchequer

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. A History of English Law by William Searle Holdsworth, John Burke (1903)
"the Court of Equity—was certainly known in the exchequer as early as Henry IV. ... In the end the court of exchequer obtained a general equitable ..."

2. The Law and Custom of the Constitution by William Reynell Anson (1907)
"The exchequer. of Receipt, and for payments made in the latter acquittance was ... The procedure of the exchequer will be dealt with in a later chapter. ..."

3. Haydn's Dictionary of Dates and Universal Information Relating to All Ages by Joseph Haydn (1889)
"The exchequer is so named from a chequered cloth which anciently covered the ... The exchequer division wa« ' In procese of time the court of exchequer ..."

4. English Constitutional History from the Teutonic Conquest to the Present Time by Thomas Pitt Taswell-Langmead (1905)
"The exchequer. Sources of revenue. The administration of the Justiciar was first systematically organised under Henry I., by Roger, Bishop of Salisbury, ..."

5. Thirty Years' View: Or, A History of the Working of the American Government by Thomas Hart Benton (1858)
"The proposition that the government should become the issuer of exchequer notes, is one borrowed from the system introduced in England by Sir Robert Walpole ..."

6. A survey of London: Written in the Year 1598 by John Stow, William John Thoms (1876)
"This court of the exchequer hath of old time, and, as I think, since the Conquest, been kept at Westminster, notwithstanding sometimes removed thence by ..."

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