Definition of Gastrocnemius

1. Noun. The muscle in the back part of the leg that forms the greater part of the calf; responsible for the plantar flexion of the foot.

Exact synonyms: Gastrocnemius Muscle
Generic synonyms: Skeletal Muscle, Striated Muscle
Group relationships: Calf, Sura



Definition of Gastrocnemius

1. n. The muscle which makes the greater part of the calf of the leg.

Definition of Gastrocnemius

1. Noun. The muscle at the back of the calf, whose insertion is the Achilles tendon at the heel. ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Gastrocnemius

1. [n -NEMII]

Medical Definition of Gastrocnemius

1. Origin, by two heads (lateral and medial) from the lateral and medial condyles of the femur; insertion, with soleus by tendo calcaneus into lower half of posterior surface of calcaneus; action, plantar flexion of foot; nerve supply, tibial. Synonym: musculus gastrocnemius, gastrocnemius. (05 Mar 2000)

Gastrocnemius Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Gastrocnemius

gastroadenitis
gastroalbumorrhoea
gastroamorphus
gastroanastomosis
gastroatonia
gastroblennorrhoea
gastroc
gastrocamera
gastrocameras
gastrocardiac
gastrocardiac syndrome
gastrocele
gastroceles
gastrochronorrhoea
gastrocnemii
gastrocnemius (current term)
gastrocnemius muscle
gastrocolic
gastrocolic fistula
gastrocolic ligament
gastrocolic omentum
gastrocolic reflex
gastrocolitis
gastrocoloptosis
gastrocolostomy
gastrocs
gastrocutaneous fistula
gastrocystoplasty
gastrodialysis
gastrodiaphragmatic ligament

Literary usage of Gastrocnemius

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical by Henry Gray (1901)
"The gastrocnemius is the most superficial muscle, and forms the greater part of the calf. ... The gastrocnemius should be divided across, just below its ..."

2. Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical by Henry Gray (1901)
"The gastrocnemius is the most superficial muscle, and forms the greater part of the ... The gastrocnemius should be divided across, just below its origin, ..."

3. The Anatomy and Physiology of the Human Body by John Bell, Charles Bell (1829)
"The muscles of the foot are six EXTENSORS and two FLEXOR MUSCLES. • EXTENSORS. gastrocnemius vel GEMELLUS, ( lying on PLANTARIS, I the back gastrocnemius ..."

4. The Elements of Anatomy by Jones Quain (1837)
"The former consists of the gastrocnemius, the soleus, and plantaris; ... The gastrocnemius may be exposed without any difficulty, by dissecting off the ..."

5. International Medical and Surgical Surveyby American Institute of Medicine by American Institute of Medicine (1922)
"The proportion of residual phosphoric acid was higher in the gastrocnemius than in the adductors. At any rate, the chemical differences between ..."

6. Diseases and Deformities of the Foot by John Joseph Nutt (1913)
"SHAFFER'S FOOT The chief characteristic of this condition is a shortening of the gastrocnemius and of the soleus. This FIGS. 12-14. ..."

7. A Text book of physiology by Michael Foster (1894)
"8, which is a curve from a gastrocnemius muscle of a frog, taken with a slowly moving drum, the tuning-fork being the same as that used in Fig. ..."

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