Medical Definition of Giant cell arteritis

1. An inflammatory condition of the temporal artery. It is a serious chronic vascular disease, characterised by inflammation of the walls of the blood vessels (vasculitis). The age of affected patients is usually over 50 years of age. It most often involves the carotid artery system, and can lead to blindness or stroke. It can be diagnosed by biopsy of an artery, but there is often a false negative result. Elevation of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate is typical. Treatment is with high dose steroids. Common symptoms include headaches and tenderness over the temple (temporal artery). Can be associated with polymyalgia rheumatica. See: polymyalgia rheumatica. Synonym: cranial arteritis, temporal arteritis (20 Jun 2000)



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Lexicographical Neighbors of Giant Cell Arteritis

gianellaite
giant
giant-killer
giant-killing
giant anteater
giant anteaters
giant armadillo
giant armadillos
giant axon
giant axonal neuropathy
giant bamboo
giant cane
giant cell
giant cell aortitis
giant cell arteritis (current term)
giant cell astrocytoma
giant cell carcinoma
giant cell carcinoma of thyroid gland
giant cell epulis
giant cell fibroma
giant cell granuloma
giant cell hepatitis
giant cell hyaline angiopathy
giant cell monstrocellular sarcoma of Zulch
giant cell myeloma
giant cell pneumonia
giant cell sarcoma
giant cell thyroiditis
giant cell tumour

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