Definition of MRNA

1. Noun. The template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell.




Definition of MRNA

1. Initialism. (biochemistry) messenger RNA ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Medical Definition of MRNA

1. Single stranded RNA molecule that specifies the amino acid sequence of one or more polypeptide chains. This information is translated during protein synthesis when ribosomes bind to the mRNA. In prokaryotes, mRNA is normally formed by splicing a large primary transcript from a DNA sequence and protein synthesis starts while the mRNA is still being synthesised. Prokaryote mRNAs are usually very short lived (average t 1/2 is 5mins.). In contrast, in eukaryotes the primary transcripts (HnRNA) are synthesised in the nucleus and they are extensively processed to give the mRNA that is exported to the cytoplasm where protein synthesis takes place. This processing includes the addition of a 5' 5' linked 7 methyl guanylate cap at the 5' end and a sequence of adenylate groups at the 3' end, the poly A tail, as well as the removal of any introns and the splicing together of exons, only 10% of HnRNA leaves the nucleus. Eukaryote mRNAs are comparatively long lived with a half life ranging from 30minutes to 24 hours. (27 Jun 1999)

MRNA Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of MRNA

m-cresol
m-word
m.g.
m.m.
m.o.
m.s.
m/d
m/m
m/o
m119
m17n
m8
mCi
mEq
mL
mRNA (current term)
mRNA(adenine-N6)-methyltransferase
mRNA (2'-O-methyladenosine-N6-)-methyltransferase
mRNA (guanine(N7))-methyltransferase
mRNA (nucleoside-O(2'))-methyltransferase
mRNA guanylyltransferase
mRNA maturase
mRNAs
mTOR
mV
m proteins
ma
ma'abara
ma'abaras
ma'abarot

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