Definition of Nerve cell

1. Noun. A cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses.




Definition of Nerve cell

1. Noun. (cytology) A cell of the nervous system which conducts nerve impulses; a neuron. ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Medical Definition of Nerve cell

1. An excitable cell specialised for the transmission of electrical signals over long distances. Neurons receive input from sensory cells or other neurons and send output to muscles or other neurons. Neurons with sensory input are called sensory neurons, neurons with muscle outputs are called motoneurons, neurons that connect only with other neurons are called interneurons. Neurons connect with each other via synapses. Neurons can be the longest cells known, a single axon can be several metres in length. Although signals are usually sent via action potentials, some neurons are nonspiking. This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology (11 Mar 2008)

Nerve Cell Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Nerve Cell

nervature
nervatures
nerve
nerve-ending
nerve-racking
nerve-shaken
nerve-shredding
nerve-wracking
nerve agent
nerve agents
nerve avulsion
nerve biopsy
nerve block
nerve block anaesthesia
nerve block anesthesia
nerve cell (current term)
nerve cell body
nerve cells
nerve center
nerve centers
nerve centre
nerve compression
nerve compression syndromes
nerve conduction
nerve conduction velocity
nerve cord
nerve deafness
nerve decompression
nerve degeneration
nerve end

Literary usage of Nerve cell

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Science by American Association for the Advancement of Science (1900)
"The cell plasm occupies both the body of the nerve cell and its processes. ... The dendritic processes of a multipolar nerve cell ramify in ..."

2. The Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and General (1890)
"The processes which arise from a multipolar nerve cell, as a rule, ... One, at least, of the processes of a multipolar nerve cell does not branch, ..."

3. A Text-book of histology by Frederick Randolph Bailey (1904)
"With the establishment of the unity of the nerve cell and the nerve fibre, the nerve ... The neurone may thus be defined as a nerve cell with all of its ..."

4. A Text Book of Physiology by Michael Foster (1891)
"It has been maintained that the straight and spiral fibres take origin from different parts of the nerve cell, but this has not been definitely proved. ..."

5. Proceedings by Philadelphia County Medical Society (1896)
"The term neuron should be applied to the nerve-cell, including all of its ... Thus when thinking of the nerve-cell, we habitually call to mind a stained ..."

6. A Text Book of Physiology by Michael Foster (1891)
"It has been maintained that the straight and spiral fibres take origin from different parts of the nerve cell, but this has not been definitely proved. ..."

7. Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Standard Work of Reference in Art, Literature (1907)
"... tracts of a nerve- cell, the amount of chemical change is too slight to be satisfactorily appreciated by the methods at present Tinder our command. ..."

8. Report of the Annual Meeting (1896)
"By Professor F. GOTCH, FRS The electrical organ of Malapterurus electricus is innervated on each side by the axis-cylinder branches of a simple nerve cell. ..."

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