Definition of Pentose

1. Noun. Any monosaccharide sugar containing five atoms of carbon per molecule.




Definition of Pentose

1. n. Any of a group of sugars of the formula C5H10O5, as arabinose; -- so called from the five carbon atoms in the molecule. They are not fermented by yeast.

Definition of Pentose

1. Noun. (carbohydrates) A sugar or saccharide containing five carbon atoms. ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Pentose

1. a sugar having five carbon atoms per molecule [n -S]

Medical Definition of Pentose

1. Sugar (monosaccharide) with five carbon atoms. Include ribose and deoxyribose of nucleic acids and many others such as the aldoses arabinose and xylose and the ketoses ribulose and xylulose. (12 Dec 1998)

Pentose Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Pentose

pentoic
pentolinium tartrate
pentomic
pentomino
pentominoes
penton
penton base
pentonate
pentonates
pentone
pentonic acid
pentons
pentosan
pentosan sulfuric polyester
pentosans
pentose (current term)
pentose monophosphate shunt
pentose phosphate cycle
pentose phosphate pathway
pentoses
pentoside
pentosides
pentostatin
pentosuria
pentosyltransferase
pentosyltransferases
pentothal
pentoxazone
pentoxide
pentoxides

Literary usage of Pentose

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Diet in Health and Disease by Julius Friedenwald, John Ruhräh (1907)
"The source whence the urinary pentose springs must be in the organism itself, as no inactive arabinose is taken as food [Neuberg] ; besides, ..."

2. Diagnostic Methods, Chemical, Bacteriological and Microscopical: A Text-book by Ralph Waldo Webster (1920)
"This is the single exception in which an optically inactive pentose is found in all nature. ... The origin of this urinary pentose is still unsettled. ..."

3. The Carbohydrate Economy of Cacti by Herman Augustus Spoehr (1919)
"While widespread in the vegetable kingdom, the pentose sugars have but recently been regarded in their important bearing, and, in fact, were for a long time ..."

4. Chemical and Microscopical Diagnosis by Francis Carter Wood (1909)
"The exact form of the pentose excreted under these circumstances has not been ... As the type of pentose found in the urine is the optically inactive ..."

5. Clinical Diagnosis: The Bacteriological, Chemical, and Microscopical by Rudolf Jaksch von Wartenhorst, James Cagney (1897)
"pentose.—This substance, in the form of arabinose, rhamnose, and xylose, has been identified in the urine by Salkowski^66 Urines containing these bodies ..."

6. Edinburgh Medical Journal (1906)
"The administration of pentose itself, moreover, was followed by a strictly proportionate increase in the pentose in the urine. ..."

7. Clinical Laboratory Methods: A Manual of Technique and Morphology Designed by Roger Sylvester Morris (1913)
"Reduction tests become positive after inversion of the sugar. pentose pentose is rarely found in the urine. pentoses are sugars with five carbon atoms. ..."

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