Definition of Peritoneum

1. Noun. A transparent membrane that lines the abdominal cavity in mammals and covers most of the viscera.

Specialized synonyms: Mesentery, Omentum
Generic synonyms: Serosa, Serous Membrane
Derivative terms: Peritoneal



Definition of Peritoneum

1. n. The smooth serous membrane which lines the cavity of the abdomen, or the whole body cavity when there is no diaphragm, and, turning back, surrounds the viscera, forming a closed, or nearly closed, sac.

Definition of Peritoneum

1. Noun. (anatomy) In mammals, the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and that is folded over the viscera. ¹

2. Noun. (zoology) In animals, the membrane lining the coelom cavity. ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Peritoneum

1. [n -NEA or -NEUMS]

Medical Definition of Peritoneum

1. The smooth serous membrane which lines the cavity of the abdomen, or the whole body cavity when there is no diaphragm, and, turning back, surrounds the viscera, forming a closed, or nearly closed, sac. Alternative forms: peritonaeum. Origin: L. Peritoneum, peritonaeum, Gr, fr. To stretch all around or over; around + to stretch. Source: Websters Dictionary (01 Mar 1998)

Peritoneum Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Peritoneum

peritoneal transfusion
peritoneal villi
peritonealgia
peritoneally
peritoneo-
peritoneocentesis
peritoneoclysis
peritoneopathy
peritoneopericardial
peritoneopexy
peritoneoplasty
peritoneoscope
peritoneoscopy
peritoneotomy
peritoneovenous shunt
peritoneum (current term)
peritoneum parietale
peritoneum viscerale
peritoneums
peritonic
peritonism
peritonitis
peritonitis deformans
peritonitis encapsulans
peritonitises
peritonsillar
peritonsillar abscess
peritonsillitis
peritonæa
peritonæal

Literary usage of Peritoneum

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical by Henry Gray (1901)
"Between peritoneum is a quantity of loose areolar tissue, able thickness and loaded with adipose tissue, continued round the surface of the cord, ..."

2. Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics by American College of Surgeons, Franklin H. Martin Memorial Foundation (1914)
"In the fifth case the parietal and visceral peritoneum were separated after the birth of the child, and were restored to their normal relations. ..."

3. The Principles and Practice of Medicine: Designed for the Use of by William Osler, Thomas McCrae (1916)
"Considering how frequently the pleura and pericardium are primarily inflamed, the rarity of idiopathic inflammation of the peritoneum is somewhat remarkable ..."

4. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences by Southern Society for Clinical Investigation (U.S.) (1892)
"The peritoneum covering the uterus yields gradually, its thinning being supplied by continued and rapid growth. When expansion of the neck of the uterus is ..."

5. The Anatomy of the Human Body by William Cheselden (1740)
"peritoneum is a membrane which lines the whole cavity of the abdomen. ... part of the peritoneum, than there is for calling the membrane on the other fide ..."

6. A Text-book of the Practice of Medicine by James Meschter Anders (1898)
"NEW GROWTHS IN THE peritoneum. THE most frequent and important of the new ... Carcinoma of the peritoneum is almost always secondary to carcinoma of the ..."

7. Medical Record by George Frederick Shrady, Thomas Lathrop Stedman (1897)
"The vast network of nerves, by contact in the peritoneum, allows no ... A local point of infection in any portion of the peritoneum will produce local or ..."

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