Definition of Sclerenchyma

1. n. Vegetable tissue composed of short cells with thickened or hardened walls, as in nutshells and the gritty parts of a pear. See Sclerotic.

Definition of Sclerenchyma

1. Noun. (botany) A mechanical, supportive ground tissue in plants consisting of aggregates of cells having thick, often mineralized walls ¹

2. Noun. (zoology) The hard calcareous deposit in the tissues of Anthozoa, constituing the stony corals. ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Sclerenchyma

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Sclerenchyma

1. Plant cell type with thick lignified walls, normally dead at maturity and specialised for structural strength. Includes fibre cells, that are greatly elongated and sclereids, that are more isodiametric. Intermediate types exist. This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology (11 Mar 2008)

Sclerenchyma Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Sclerenchyma

scleras
sclere
sclerectasia
sclerectomy
scleredema
scleredema adultorum
scleregenous
sclereid
sclereids
sclerema
sclerema adiposum
sclerema neonatorum
scleremas
sclerencephaly
sclerenchymas
sclerenchymatous
sclerenchyme
scleres
sclereskeleton
scleriasis
sclerite
sclerites
scleritic
scleritis
scleritises
scleritome
scleritomes
sclero-

Literary usage of Sclerenchyma

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Comparative Anatomy of the Vegetative Organs of the Phanerogams and Ferns by Anton Bary (1884)
"At the foliar gap the bundles, which are themselves about as thick as a bristle, are surrounded by brown sclerenchyma, or supported by it on one side, ..."

2. Systematic Anatomy of the Dicotyledons: A Handbook for Laboratories of Pure by Hans Solereder, Dukinfield Henry Scott (1908)
"In sessile hairs the sclerenchyma-cells immediately adjoin the base of ... The precise nature of the sclerenchyma-cells varies according to t lu: species. ..."

3. Lectures on the Physiology of Plants by Julius Sachs (1887)
"The wood and lignified sclerenchyma are certainly not the only tissues which can conduct water within the plant ; for simple reflection shows that large ..."

4. Handbook of Practical Botany: For the Botanical Laboratory and Private Student by Eduard Strasburger, William Hillhouse (1900)
"These latter are therefore lignified, and be- •'};& long, on account of their strong thickening and lig- nification, to the sclerenchyma or mechanical ..."

5. Proceedings of the American Pharmaceutical Association at the Annual Meeting by American Pharmaceutical Association, National Pharmaceutical Convention, American Pharmaceutical Association Meeting (1898)
"Characteristic 5-6 celled, jointed, non-secreting hairs of corolla; also double hairs on outside of ovary; pappus; pollen grains; sclerenchyma. 77. ..."

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