Definition of Abrasive

1. Noun. A substance that abrades or wears down.

Exact synonyms: Abradant, Abrasive Material
Generic synonyms: Material, Stuff
Specialized synonyms: Carborundum, Steel Wool, Wire Wool, Emery Cloth, Emery Paper, Sandpaper
Derivative terms: Abrade

2. Adjective. Causing abrasion.
Exact synonyms: Scratchy
Similar to: Rough, Unsmooth
Derivative terms: Abrade, Abrade, Abrasiveness, Scratch, Scratchiness

3. Adjective. Sharply disagreeable; rigorous. "An abrasive character"
Exact synonyms: Harsh
Similar to: Disagreeable
Derivative terms: Abrasiveness, Harshness

Definition of Abrasive

1. a. Producing abrasion.

Definition of Abrasive

1. Adjective. Producing abrasion; rough enough to wear away the outer surface. (defdate First attested in 1805.) ¹

2. Adjective. Being rough and coarse in manner or disposition; causing iiritation. (defdate First attested in 1925.) ¹

3. Noun. A substance or material such as sandpaper, pumice, or emery, used for cleaning, smoothing, or polishing. ¹

4. Noun. (geology) Rock fragments, sand grains, mineral particles, used by water, wind, and ice to abrade a land surface. ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Abrasive

1. an abrading substance [n -S]

Medical Definition of Abrasive

1. 1. Causing abrasion. 2. Any material used to produce abrasions. 3. A substance used in dentistry for abrading, grinding, or polishing. (05 Mar 2000)

Lexicographical Neighbors of Abrasive

abrasin oil
abrasin oils
abrasion platform
abrasion platforms
abrasive (current term)
abrasive disc
abrasive material
abrasive media
abrasive paper
abrasive strip

Literary usage of Abrasive

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Transactions by American Society of Mechanical Engineers (1916)
"1523 SAFETY CODE FOR THE USE AND CARE OF abrasive WHEELS During the year 1914 a committee of the National Machine Tool Builders' Association, ..."

2. Elementary Chemical Microscopy by Emile Monnin Chamot (1921)
"After surfacing with wheel or file the specimens are smoothed upon laps fed with very fine abrasive powder or upon laps or blocks upon which abrasive paper ..."

3. Economic Geology of the United States: With Briefer Mention of Foreign by Ralph Stockman Tarr (1893)
"abrasive Materials. General Statement. — There are two classes of materials which serve for abrasive purposes: those used as a powder or a sand, ..."

4. Mechanical Engineering and Machine Shop Practice by Stanley Holmes Moore (1908)
"Lapping is an abrasive process of refinement and bears the same relation to the finishing of ground work that scraping does to the finishing of planed work. ..."

5. Bulletin by North Carolina Dept. of Conservation and Development, North Carolina Geological Survey (1883-1905), North Carolina Geological and Economic Survey (1906)
"abrasive Tests.—Occasionally, when stone is to be used as in flooring, tiles, or street pavements, tests for determining the relative wearing qualities are ..."

6. Model Making: Including Workshop Practice, Design and Construction of Models edited by Raymond Francis Yates (1919)
"CHAPTER VI THE USE OF abrasiveS abrasive equipment for the model engineer's workshop—Grinding and polishing—Grinding attachments for small grinding ..."

7. Clays: Their Occurrence, Properties, and Uses, with Especial Reference to by Heinrich Ries (1908)
"Polishing and abrasive materials.—Many clays exert a combined polishing and abrasive action, on account of the very finely divided grains of sand which they ..."

8. Transactions of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and (1902)
"... xxix, 167 et seq.; evaporated eggs, xxix, 169; evaporated vinegar, xxix, 171; saccharine, xxix, 170. EMERSON, WH: The abrasive Efficiency of Corundum, ..."

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