Definition of Adrenal gland

1. Noun. Either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney.

Exact synonyms: Adrenal, Suprarenal Gland
Generic synonyms: Ductless Gland, Endocrine, Endocrine Gland
Group relationships: Kidney
Terms within: Adrenal Cortex, Adrenal Medulla
Derivative terms: Adrenal

Definition of Adrenal gland

1. Noun. (anatomy) In mammals, either of a pair of complex endocrine glands, situated above each kidney, secreting hormones which control the heart rate, blood pressure, and metabolism. ¹

¹ Source:

Medical Definition of Adrenal gland

1. This gland is found above each kidney and it made up of an outer wall (cortex) that secretes important steroid hormones and an inner portion (medulla) that produces adrenaline (adrenaline) and noradrenaline (noradrenaline). The hormones help control heart rate, blood pressure, the way the body uses food, and other vital functions. (25 Jun 1999)

Adrenal Gland Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Adrenal Gland

adrenal androgen-stimulating hormone
adrenal angiography
adrenal apoplexy
adrenal artery
adrenal body
adrenal calcification
adrenal capsule
adrenal cortex
adrenal cortex injection
adrenal cortexes
adrenal cortical carcinomas
adrenal cortical steroid
adrenal crisis
adrenal cyst
adrenal gland (current term)
adrenal gland hypofunction
adrenal gland insufficiency
adrenal gland tumour
adrenal glands
adrenal hyperplasia
adrenal hypertension
adrenal imaging
adrenal insufficiency
adrenal medulla
adrenal medullary imaging

Literary usage of Adrenal gland

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences by Southern Society for Clinical Investigation (U.S.) (1908)
"REPORT OF A CASE OF SIMULTANEOUS SARCOMA OF THE adrenal gland AND OF THE CRANIUM, ... TUMORS of the adrenal gland in childhood are not only very rare, ..."

2. The Journal of Experimental Medicine by Rockefeller University, Rockefeller Institute, Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (1908)

3. A Text-book of physiology: For Medical Students and Physicians by William Henry Howell (1915)
"The Secretory Nerves of the adrenal gland.—The adrenal glands receive a ... Examination of the venous blood flowing from the adrenal gland discloses the ..."

4. Physiology and Biochemistry in Modern Medicine by John James Rickard Macleod (1922)
"The surgical removal of the adrenal gland is certainly not warranted under any circumstances. The Association of the Adrenal with Other Endocrine Organs We ..."

5. Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear and Rage: An Account of Recent by Walter Bradford Cannon (1920)
"... MUSCLE AFTER SPLANCHNIC STIMULATION OF THE adrenal gland 9 In the older literature on the adrenal glands the deleterious effect of their absence, ..."

6. The Anatomy of the Domestic Fowl by Benjamin Franklyn Kaupp (1918)
"The adrenal gland, often called the supra-renal capsule, ... The adrenal gland consists of a cortical and a medullary portion, although these two parts are ..."

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