Definition of Bacteriophage

1. Noun. A virus that is parasitic (reproduces itself) in bacteria. "Phage uses the bacterium's machinery and energy to produce more phage until the bacterium is destroyed and phage is released to invade surrounding bacteria"

Exact synonyms: Phage
Generic synonyms: Virus
Specialized synonyms: Coliphage, Typhoid Bacteriophage
Derivative terms: Bacteriophagic, Bacteriophagous

Definition of Bacteriophage

1. Noun. (microbiology virology) A virus that specifically infects bacteria. ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Bacteriophage

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Bacteriophage

1. Viruses that have a specific affinity for and infect bacteria. The bacteriophages that attack Escherichia coli are termed coliphages, examples of these are lambda phage and the T even phages, T2, T4 and T6. Basically, phages consist of a protein coat or capsid enclosing the genetic material, DNA or RNA, that is injected into the bacterium upon infection. In the case of virulent phages all synthesis of host DNA, RNA and proteins ceases and the phage genome is used to direct the synthesis of phage nucleic acids and proteins using the host's transcriptional and translational apparatus. These phage components then self assemble to form new phage particles. The synthesis of a phage lysozyme leads to rupture of the bacterial cell wall releasing, typically 100-200 phage progeny. The temperate phages, such as lambda, may also show this lytic cycle when they infect a cell, but more frequently they induce lysogeny. The study of bacteriophages has been important for our understanding of gene structure and regulation. Lambda has been extensively used as a vector in recombinant DNA studies. (15 Nov 1997)

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Bacteriophage

bacteriolytic serum
bacteriophaeophytin b
bacteriophage (current term)
bacteriophage 2 depolymerase
bacteriophage T3 RNA polymerase
bacteriophage T7 induced DNA polymerase
bacteriophage immunity
bacteriophage lambda
bacteriophage m13
bacteriophage mu
bacteriophage omicron x174
bacteriophage p1
bacteriophage p2
bacteriophage p22
bacteriophage phi 6
bacteriophage phi x 174
bacteriophage plaque

Literary usage of Bacteriophage

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. International Medical and Surgical Surveyby American Institute of Medicine by American Institute of Medicine (1922)
"living nature of the bacteriophage. because they are by no means exclusive ... The idea of the bacteriophage being a product of bacterial activity is ..."

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