Definition of Carnitine

1. Noun. (organic compound) A betaine ''3-hydroxy-4-trimethylammonio-butanoate'' that occurs in the liver and has a function in fatty acid transport ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Carnitine

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Carnitine

1. _ Hydroxy _ trimethyl aminobutyric acid. Compound that transports long chain fatty acids across the inner mitochondrial membrane in the form of acyl carnitine. Sometimes referred to as Vitamin Bt or Vitamin B7. This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology (11 Mar 2008)

Carnitine Pictures

Click the following link to bring up a new window with an automated collection of images related to the term: Carnitine Images

Lexicographical Neighbors of Carnitine

carnitine (current term)
carnitine acyltransferases
carnitine amidase
carnitine coenzyme A ligase
carnitine dehydratase
carnitine o-acetyltransferase
carnitine o-palmitoyltransferase
carnitine palmitoyltransferase
carnitine racemase

Literary usage of Carnitine

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-term, High-intensity Combat Operations by Institute of Medicine (U. S.), Fnb, High-stress Situations, Committee on Military Nutrition Research, National Academy of Sciences (2006)
"METABOLIC COFACTORS carnitine carnitine is a conditionally essential nutrient ... Orally, L-carnitine is used for treating primary carnitine deficiency, ..."

2. The Role of Dietary Supplements for Physically Active People: Current by Kristine M. Scannell, Bernadette M. Marriott (1996)
"carnitine Arenas J, Huertas R, Campos Y, Diaz AE, Villalon JM, Vilas E. Effects of L carnitine on the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and carnitine palmitoyl ..."

3. The Navy Seal Nutrition Guide by Patricia A. Deuster (1996)
"AGENTS CLAIMS DOSE Caffeine Delays fatigue, enhances L-carnitine Choline Chromium ... Foods rich in carnitine include beef (average content equals 50 mg/100 ..."

4. A Text-book of Physiological Chemistry by Olof Hammarsten, Sven Gustaf Hedin (1914)
"From the latter, which is readily obtained as crystals, the base is precipitated by phosphotungstic acid and then set free by barium hydrate. carnitine ..."

5. Allen's Commercial Organic Analysis: A Treatise on the Properties, Modes of by Alfred Henry Allen (1917)
"He also found that extract of mutton contained twice the amount of purines and nearly twice the amount of carnitine found in beef extract, ..."

6. The Navy Seal Physical Fitness Guide edited by Patricia A. Deuster (1997)
"Food rich in carnitine include meat and dairy products. 50 to 1000 jig/day as a dietary supplement. Foods rich in chromium include beer, brewer's yeast, ..."

Other Resources Relating to: Carnitine

Search for Carnitine on!Search for Carnitine on!Search for Carnitine on Google!Search for Carnitine on Wikipedia!