Definition of Cerebellum

1. Noun. A major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans.

Definition of Cerebellum

1. n. The large lobe of the hind brain in front of and above the medulla; the little brain. It controls combined muscular action. See Brain.

Definition of Cerebellum

1. Noun. (neuroanatomy) Part of the hindbrain in vertebrates. In humans it lies between the brainstem and the cerebrum. It plays an important role in sensory perception, motor output, balance and posture. ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Cerebellum

1. [n -LA or -LUMS]

Medical Definition of Cerebellum

1. Part of the vertebrate hindbrain, concerned primarily with somatic motor function, the control of muscle tone and the maintenance of balance. Important model for cell migration in developing mammalian brain owing to well studied migratory pathway of the granule neuron and to the existence of the neurological mutant mouse weaver in which granule cell migration fails. This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology (11 Mar 2008)

Lexicographical Neighbors of Cerebellum

cerebellomedullary cistern
cerebellomedullary malformation syndrome
cerebellopontile angle
cerebellopontine angle
cerebellopontine angle syndrome
cerebellopontine angle tumour
cerebellopontine cisternography
cerebellopontine recess
cerebellorubral tract
cerebellospinal fibres
cerebellothalamic tract
cerebellum (current term)
cerebral agraphia
cerebral amyloid angiopathy
cerebral amyloidosis
cerebral aneurysm
cerebral angiography
cerebral anoxia
cerebral anthrax
cerebral aqueduct
cerebral aqueducts
cerebral arterial circle

Literary usage of Cerebellum

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Handbook of Physiology by William Dobinson Halliburton (1913)
"CHAPTER LI FUNCTIONS OF THE cerebellum IN past times there have been several views held as to the functions of the cerebellum. One of the oldest of these ..."

2. Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology: Including Many of the Principal by James Mark Baldwin (1901)
"One of the lobuli of the median lobe of the cerebellum, lying on its dorsal surface. A modern usage applies the term folium generically for gyri of the ..."

3. Anatomy: Descriptive and Surgical by Henry Gray (1897)
"In form the cerebellum is oblong, and flattened from above downward, ... The surface of the cerebellum is not convoluted like the cerebrum, but traversed by ..."

4. A textbook of physiology by William Henry Howell (1911)
"Luciani believes that this action of the cerebellum is continuous, although varying in intensity, and that it affects all of the musculature of the body, ..."

5. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease by Philadelphia Neurological Society, American Neurological Association, Chicago Neurological Society, New York Neurological Association (1885)
"The middle peduncle of the cerebellum does not contain any commis- sural ... It arises from all parts of the cerebellum. It passes to the gray masses in the ..."

6. Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical by Henry Gray, Luther Holden (1878)
"Lobes of the cerebellum. Each hemisphere is divided into an upper and a lower portion by the great horizontal fissure, which commences in front at the pons, ..."

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