Definition of Dextran

1. Noun. (chemistry) a biopolymer of glucose produced by enzymes of certain bacteria; used as a substitute for blood plasma, and as a stationary phase in chromatography ¹



¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Dextran

1. a substance used as a blood plasma substitute [n -S]

Medical Definition of Dextran

1. High molecular weight polysaccharides synthesised by some micro organisms. Consist of D glucose linked by _ 1,6 bonds (and a few _ 1,3 and _ 1,4 bonds). Dextran 75 (average molecular weight 75 kD) has a colloid osmotic pressure similar to blood plasma, so dextran 75 solutions are used clinically as plasma expanders. They will also cause charge shielding and at the right concentrations induce flocculation of red cells, a trick that is used in preparing leucocyte rich plasma for white cell purification in the laboratory. Cross linked dextran is the basis for Sephadex. Commercially derived from strains of Leuconostoc mesenteroides. This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology (11 Mar 2008)

Dextran Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Dextran

dexter chiefs
dexterious
dexterities
dexterity
dexterous
dexterously
dexterousness
dexterousnesses
dexters
dexterwise
dextrad
dextral
dextral fault
dextrality
dextrally
dextran (current term)
dextran 110
dextran 40
dextran 70
dextran 75
dextran sulfate
dextranase
dextranases
dextrans
dextransucrase
dextrase
dextrer
dextriferron
dextrin
dextrin-dextran transglucosidase

Literary usage of Dextran

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Eighth Annual Report on Carcinogens: 1998 Summary edited by Barry Leonard (1999)
"Iron dextran Complex CAS No. 9004-66-4 First Listed in the Second Annual Report ... When administered by subcutaneous injection iron dextran complex induced ..."

2. 6th Annual Report on Carcinogens (1991) by DIANE Publishing Company (1994)
"When administered by subcutaneous injection iron dextran complex induced local sarcomas in mice and hamsters of both sexes and male rats. ..."

3. Science by American Association for the Advancement of Science (1883)
"The uptake of single-stranded RNA by mammalian cells is known to be enhanced by diethylaminoethyl dextran (DEAE dextran) (9). Therefore DEAE dextran was ..."

4. A Handbook of Sugar Analysis: A Practical and Descriptive Treatise for Use by Charles Albert Browne (1912)
"Later researches* showed, however, that the action of Leuconostoc and of many other " dextran-formers " consisted first in an inversion of the sucrose into ..."

5. A Handbook of Sugar Analysis: A Practical and Descriptive Treatise for Use by Charles Albert Browne (1912)
"Sucrose dextran Fructose. Later researches * showed, however, that the action of Leuconostoc and of many other " dextran-formers " consisted first in an ..."

6. A Handbook of Sugar Analysis: A Practical and Descriptive Treatise for Use by Charles Albert Browne (1912)
"The dextran is, therefore, to be regarded of assimilative, rather than of fermentative (ie, enzymic) origin. Very similar to Leuconostoc in its action ..."

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