Definition of Elapidae
1. Noun. Cobras; kraits; mambas; coral snakes; Australian taipan and tiger snakes.
Generic synonyms: Reptile Family
Group relationships: Ophidia, Serpentes, Suborder Ophidia, Suborder Serpentes
Member holonyms: Elapid, Elapid Snake, Genus Micrurus, Micrurus, Genus Micruroides, Micruroides, Calliophis, Callophis, Genus Calliophis, Genus Callophis, Aspidelaps, Genus Aspidelaps, Genus Rhynchoelaps, Rhynchoelaps, Denisonia, Genus Denisonia, Genus Naja, Naja, Genus Ophiophagus, Ophiophagus, Genus Hemachatus, Hemachatus, Dendraspis, Dendroaspis, Genus Dendraspis, Genus Dendroaspis, Acanthophis, Genus Acanthophis, Genus Notechis, Notechis, Genus Pseudechis, Pseudechis, Bungarus, Genus Bungarus, Genus Oxyuranus, Oxyuranus
Medical Definition of Elapidae
1. A family of extremely venomous snakes, comprising coral snakes, cobras, mambas, kraits, and sea snakes. They are widely distributed, being found in the southern united states, south america, africa, southern asia, Australia, and the pacific islands. The elapids include three subfamilies: elapinae, hydrophiinae, and lauticaudinae. Like the viperids, they have venom fangs in the front part of the upper jaw. The mambas of africa are the most dangerous of all snakes by virtue of their size, speed, and highly toxic venom. (goin, goin, and zug, introduction to herpetology, 3d ed, p329-33) (12 Dec 1998)
Lexicographical Neighbors of Elapidae
Literary usage of Elapidae
Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:
1. The Geographical Distribution of Animals: With a Study of the Relations of by Alfred Russel Wallace (1876)
"The Australian has 16, belonging to three families only ; eleven being elapidae, and four Pythonidae. The Neotropical has about 24, belonging to eight ..."
2. Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, Commercial, Industrial by Edward Balfour (1871)
"COBRA, the ordinary name by which Europeans in India designate the Naga genus of venemous Colubrine snakes of the family elapidae. There is only one species ..."
3. Edinburgh Medical Journal (1878)
"elapidae is a large group, widely spread over the Indian and Australian regions, and in America. It contains the truly venomous snakes, such as ophiophagus, ..."
4. The Popular Science Review: A Quarterly Miscellany of Entertaining and (1873)
"... The other venomous snakes of the Australian continent belong without exception to the elapidae. About a dozen species of African ..."
5. Serpientes de Costa Rica: Distribución, taxonomía e historia natural= snakes by Alejandro Solórzano L. (2004)
"In Costa Rica, only three families of snakes (Colubridae, elapidae, and Viperidae), ... FAMILY elapidae: Species in this family possess a neurotoxic venom, ..."