Definition of Foetal circulation

1. Noun. The system of blood vessels and structures through which blood moves in a fetus.

Medical Definition of Foetal circulation

1. The blood circulation in the foetus before birth. Before birth, the blood from the heart headed for the lungs in the aptly named pulmonary artery is shunted away from the lungs and returned to the greatest of arteries, the aorta. This arterial shunting occurs through a short vessel called the ductus arteriosus. When the shunt is open, it is said to be patent (pronounced pá tent). The ductus arteriosus usually tourniquets itself off at or shortly after birth. After closure of the ductus, blood is permitted from that time on to course freely to the lungs. Sometimes, however, the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) persists and simply will not close by itself. Surgery is then done to ligate (tie off) the ductus PDA ligation is a closed-heart operation. Historically, it was one of the earliest surgical procedures performed in children with cardiovascular disease. (12 Dec 1998)

Foetal Circulation Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Foetal Circulation

foetal adrenal cortex
foetal age
foetal alcohol effects
foetal alcohol syndrome
foetal anoxia
foetal aspiration syndrome
foetal attitude
foetal blood
foetal bradycardia
foetal calf serum
foetal circulation (current term)
foetal cotyledon
foetal death
foetal death rate
foetal development
foetal distress
foetal doppler study
foetal dystocia
foetal electrocardiography
foetal erythroblastosis
foetal fracture
foetal gigantism
foetal growth retardation
foetal habitus

Literary usage of Foetal circulation

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Handbook of Physiology by William Dobinson Halliburton (1913)
"... which vigorously absorb the vital stain store also glycogen, fat, and haemoglobin temporarily before these substances pass into the foetal circulation. ..."

2. A Textbook of Physiology by Michael Foster (1891)
"About the middle of intra-uterine life, when the foetal circulation is in full development, the blood flowing along the umbilical vein (see Fig. ..."

3. On the Anatomy of Vertebrates by Richard Owen (1868)
"foetal circulation.—The early stages in the development of the vascular system closely correspond, in Mammals, with those in Birds (vol. ii. p. 263, fig. ..."

4. Outlines of Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates by John Sterling Kingsley (1917)
"The Fatal Circulation Some features of the foetal circulation of the amniotes have already been alluded to, but the whole may be summarized here. ..."

5. The Medical and Surgical Reporter (1881)
"... late ligation furnishes an invaluable means of restoring the equilibrium of the foetal circulation. Simple Remedy in Fetid Sweating of the Feet. ..."

6. Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal (1835)
"The first injection of the foetal blood-vessels, noticed in the remarks upon some of the peculiarities of the foetal circulation, was performed not upon a ..."

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