Definition of Glutamate

1. Noun. A salt or ester of glutamic acid.

Generic synonyms: Salt

Definition of Glutamate

1. Noun. (chemistry) Any salt or ester of glutamic acid. ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Glutamate

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Glutamate

1. Major fast excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. See: glutamate receptor. Also the excitatory neuromuscular transmitter in arthropod skeletal muscles. This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology (11 Mar 2008)

Lexicographical Neighbors of Glutamate

glut itis
glutaconic acid
glutaconyl CoA decarboxylase
glutamate (current term)
glutamate-ammonia ligase
glutamate-cysteine ligase
glutamate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase
glutamate-tRNA ligase
glutamate acetyltransferase
glutamate aminotransferase
glutamate decarboxylase
glutamate dehydrogenase
glutamate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
glutamate dehydrogenases
glutamate formiminotransferase
glutamate gamma-semialdehyde
glutamate permease
glutamate racemase

Literary usage of Glutamate

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Molecular Neurobiology: Proceedings of the 2nd NIMH Conference by Steven Zalcman (1995)
"glutamate receptors are found throughout the mammalian brain and glutamate is the major excitatory transmitter in the brain. The glutamate receptor system ..."

2. Science by American Association for the Advancement of Science (1883)
"Monosodium glutamate: Feeding of Large Amounts in Man and Gerbils Abstract. ... Interest in the toxicity of mono- sodium glutamate (MSG) as a food additive ..."

3. Reviews in Environmental Health (1998): Toxicological Defense Mechanics edited by Gary E. R. Hook, George W. Lucier (2000)
"Numerous studies on the glutamine-glutamate neuronal-glial cycle suggest that glial cells act as modulators of neuronal activity (45). ..."

4. The Neuroscience of Mental Health: A Report on Neuroscience Research edited by Stephen H. Koslow (1997)
"The three glutamate receptor subtypes are shown embedded in the postsynaptic ... Calcium entering through the glutamate receptors gives rise to an increase ..."

5. Acute Perinatal Asphyxia in Term Infants: Report of the Workshopedited by Linda L. Wright, Gerald B. Merenstein, Deborah Hirtz edited by Linda L. Wright, Gerald B. Merenstein, Deborah Hirtz (1997)
"This experiment demonstrates that the defect in glutamate uptake is not related to neuronal ... It is noteworthy that injections of a glutamate agonist, ..."

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