Definition of Monosaccharide

1. Noun. A sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates.

Exact synonyms: Monosaccharose, Simple Sugar
Specialized synonyms: Triose, Tetrose, Pentose, Hexose, Aldose, Ketose
Generic synonyms: Carbohydrate, Saccharide, Sugar



Definition of Monosaccharide

1. n. A simple sugar; any of a number of sugars (including the trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hexoses, etc.), not decomposable into simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Specif., as used by some, a hexose. The monosaccharides are all open-chain compounds containing hydroxyl groups and either an aldehyde group or a ketone group.

Definition of Monosaccharide

1. Noun. (carbohydrates) A simple sugar such as glucose, fructose or deoxyribose that has a single ring. ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Monosaccharide

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Monosaccharide

1. A simple sugar that cannot be hydrolysed to smaller units. Empirical formula is (CH2O)n and range in size from trioses (n=3) to heptoses (n=7). This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology (11 Mar 2008)

Monosaccharide Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Monosaccharide

monorchism
monorden
monorecidive
monorecidive chancre
monoreduction
monoreme
monoremes
monorganic
monorhina
monorhinic
monorhyme
monorhymed
monorhymes
monorubidium
monos
monosaccharide (current term)
monosaccharide transport proteins
monosaccharides
monosaccharose
monosaturated
monoscelous
monoscenism
monoscopic
monose
monoseme
monosemic
monosemous
monosemy
monosensitized
monosepalous

Literary usage of Monosaccharide

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Lehrbuch der chemischen Technologie by Hermann Ost (1903)
"Man unterscheidet 3 Gruppen: 1) Zuckerarten; 2) Stärke; 3) Cellulose. Die in der Natur sehr verbreiteten Zuckerarten werden eingeteilt in a. monosaccharide ..."

2. Chemistry of Food and Nutrition by Henry Clapp Sherman (1918)
"As starch on hydrolysis yields the polysaccharide dextrins, the disaccharide maltose, and finally as end product the monosaccharide glucose, so the native ..."

3. Physiological chemistry: A Text-book and Manual for Students by Albert Prescott Mathews (1916)
"By looking at the formula of the disaccharide, maltose, on page 57, it will be seen that the two monosaccharide molecules are attached to each other through ..."

4. An Introduction to the Chemistry of Plant Products by Paul Haas, Thomas George Hill (1913)
"... sugars are known which on hydrolysis break up into two molecules of monosaccharide according to the equation Such sugars are known as disaccharides. ..."

5. Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-term, High-intensity Combat Operations by Fnb, Institute of Medicine (U. S.), High-stress Situations, Committee on Military Nutrition Research, National Academy of Sciences (2005)
"Fructose as a monosaccharide should be limited due to the association ... Because reports that consumption of 25 g of fructose as a monosaccharide for three ..."

6. The Carbohydrate Economy of Cacti by Herman Augustus Spoehr (1919)
"In the alcoholic extraction : C. monosaccharide hexose and pentose sugars. ... The fermented residue of D or monosaccharide pentose. ..."

7. A Manual of Physiology: With Practical Exercises by George Neil Stewart (1918)
"By the union or ' condensation ' of two molecules of a monosaccharide, with loss of a ... By the condensation of more than two molecules of monosaccharide ..."

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