Definition of Palmitoylation

1. Noun. (biochemistry) The reaction of a membrane protein with a fatty acid (especially palmitic acid) via the sulfur atom of a cysteine amino acid ¹



¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Medical Definition of Palmitoylation

1. One of the most widely distributed of fatty acids. The palmitoyl residue is one of the common acyl residues of membrane phospholipids. It is also found as a thioester attached to cystein residues on some membrane proteins. The proteins so modified are often transmembrane proteins and the modified residue is on the cytoplasmic surface of the membrane. The specificity of the transferase for the acyl residue is not high and both stearoyl and oleoyl residues can replace the palmitoyl residue. Compare: myristoylation. This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology (11 Mar 2008)

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Palmitoylation

palmitolic
palmitone
palmitotransferase
palmitotransferases
palmitoyl
palmitoyl-CoA dependent dehydrogenase
palmitoyl-CoA hydrolase
palmitoyl-L-asparaginase
palmitoyl-protein thioesterase
palmitoyl CoA oxidase
palmitoyl coenzyme a
palmitoylate
palmitoylated
palmitoylates
palmitoylating
palmitoylation (current term)
palmitoylations
palmitoylcarnitine
palmitoyls
palmitoyltransferase
palmitoyltransferases
palmityl
palmityls
palmless
palmlike
palmodic
palmomental reflex
palmoplantar

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