Definition of Peroxisome

1. Noun. (cytology) An intracellular organelle found in all eukaryotes (except Archezoa) which is the source of the enzymes that catalyze the production and breakdown hydrogen peroxide, and are responsible for the oxidation of long-chain fatty acids. ¹



¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Peroxisome

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Peroxisome

1. Organelle containing peroxidase and catalase, sometimes as a large crystal. A site of oxygen utilisation, but not of ATP synthesis. In plants, associated with chloroplasts in photorespiration and considered to be part of a larger group of organelles, the microbodies. Origin: Gr. Soma = body This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology (11 Mar 2008)

Peroxisome Pictures

Click the following link to bring up a new window with an automated collection of images related to the term: Peroxisome Images

Lexicographical Neighbors of Peroxisome

peroxidised
peroxidises
peroxidising
peroxidisulfate
peroxidisulphate
peroxidizable
peroxidize
peroxidized
peroxidizes
peroxidizing
peroxids
peroxiredoxin
peroxiredoxins
peroxisomal
peroxisomal disorders
peroxisome (current term)
peroxisomes
peroxomonosulfate
peroxomonosulfates
peroxy
peroxy-
peroxy-Y-base
peroxy acid
peroxyacetic
peroxyacetic acid
peroxyacetone
peroxyacetyl
peroxyacetyl nitrate
peroxyacetylnitrate
peroxydation

Literary usage of Peroxisome

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Assessing the Human Health Risks of Trichloroethylene: Key Scientific Issues by National Research Council (U.S.) (2006)
"In addition to peroxisome proliferation and hepatomegaly, ... peroxisome proliferators are a diverse group of chemicals that include the fibrate class of ..."

2. Inside the Cell by Maya Pines (1990)
"In 1965, de Duve proposed that the organelle be called a peroxisome because it appeared ... The membrane that surrounds a peroxisome is unusually permeable, ..."

3. Gene Expression in Algae and Fungi Including Yeast: Bibliography January by Janet Saunders, Robert D. Warmbrodt (2001)
"... lull-length homology to the mammalian protein VCP and is a member of a protein family involved in secretion, peroxisome formation, and gene expression. ..."

4. Carcinogenic Potency Database, Endocrine Disruptors edited by Lois Swirsky Gold (2000)
"Hayashi F, Tamura H, Yamada J, Kasai H, Suga T. Characteristics of the hepatocarcinogenesis caused by dehydroepiandrosterone, a peroxisome proliferator, ..."

5. Papers and Proceedings of the Surgeon General's Conference on Agricultural edited by Melvin L. Myers (1994)
"Phenoxy acid herbicides appear to be peroxisome proliferators in several rodent species.11 Much of the epidemiologic data available on the carcinogenicity ..."

6. Reviews in Environmental Health (1998): Toxicological Defense Mechanics edited by Gary E. R. Hook, George W. Lucier (2000)
"Dexamethasone inhibits both peroxisome- proliferator-induced and lead-nitrate- induced proliferative hyperplasia in rat liver (98,99). ..."

Other Resources Relating to: Peroxisome

Search for Peroxisome on Dictionary.com!Search for Peroxisome on Thesaurus.com!Search for Peroxisome on Google!Search for Peroxisome on Wikipedia!

Search