Definition of Saponify

1. Verb. Become converted into soap by being hydrolized into an acid and alcohol as a result of being treated with an alkali. "The oil saponified"

Category relationships: Chemical Science, Chemistry
Generic synonyms: Change
Derivative terms: Saponification



2. Verb. Convert into soap by hydrolizing an ester into an acid and alcohol as a result of treating it with an alkali. "Saponify oils and fats"
Category relationships: Chemical Science, Chemistry
Generic synonyms: Alter, Change, Modify
Derivative terms: Saponification, Soap

Definition of Saponify

1. v. t. To convert into soap, as tallow or any fat; hence (Chem.), to subject to any similar process, as that which ethereal salts undergo in decomposition; as, to saponify ethyl acetate.

Definition of Saponify

1. Verb. to convert a fat or oil into soap; to be converted into soap ¹

2. Verb. (chemistry) to hydrolyze an ester using an alkali ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Saponify

1. to convert into soap [v -FIED, -FYING, -FIES]

Medical Definition of Saponify

1. To convert into soap, as tallow or any fat; hence, to subject to any similar process, as that which ethereal salts undergo in decomposition; as, to saponify ethyl acetate. Origin: L. Sapo, -onis, soap + -fy: cf. F. Saponifier. Source: Websters Dictionary (01 Mar 1998)

Lexicographical Neighbors of Saponify

saponaceous
saponaceousness
saponacity
saponary
saponated
saponatus
saponic acid
saponifiable
saponification
saponification number
saponifications
saponified
saponifier
saponifiers
saponifies
saponify (current term)
saponifying
saponin
saponine
saponines
saponins
saponite
saponites
saponul
saponule
saponules
sapor
saporific
saporosity
saporous

Literary usage of Saponify

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. The Laboratory Companion to Fats and Oils Industries by Julius Lewkowitsch (1901)
"69 Caustic Alkali Solutions required to saponify Fats of Mean Molecular Weight 860 (Tallow, Cottonseed Oil, Olive Oil, etc. ..."

2. Bleaching and Related Processes as Applied to Textile Fibers and Other Materials by Joseph Merritt Matthews (1921)
"The mixture of soda ash and resin does not saponify the fats any quicker than without resin. In the lime boil (using 10 gms. per liter of caustic lime) the ..."

3. The Manufacture of Varnishes and Kindred Industries: Based on and Including by John Geddes M'Intosh, Achille Livache (1904)
"This is defined as the number of milligrammes of caustic potash, KHO, required to completely saponify 1 gramme (ie, 1000 milligrammes) of linseed oil. ..."

4. A Practical Treatise on the Manufacture of Soap and Candles by Carl Deite, Alwin Engelhardt, Karl Schaedler (1888)
"saponify 20 pounds of cocoanut-oil with 10 pounds of caustic soda lye of 40° B. and stir in 4 pounds of flowers of sulphur. The soap may also be prepared in ..."

5. The Analyst (1879)
"In the following experiments, I therefore give the number of milligrammes of KH 0 which saponify 1 gramme fat. SAMPLES OF BUTTER FROM THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF ..."

6. The Laboratory Companion to Fats and Oils Industries by Julius Lewkowitsch (1901)
"69 Caustic Alkali Solutions required to saponify Fats of Mean Molecular Weight 860 (Tallow, Cottonseed Oil, Olive Oil, etc. ..."

7. Bleaching and Related Processes as Applied to Textile Fibers and Other Materials by Joseph Merritt Matthews (1921)
"The mixture of soda ash and resin does not saponify the fats any quicker than without resin. In the lime boil (using 10 gms. per liter of caustic lime) the ..."

8. The Manufacture of Varnishes and Kindred Industries: Based on and Including by John Geddes M'Intosh, Achille Livache (1904)
"This is defined as the number of milligrammes of caustic potash, KHO, required to completely saponify 1 gramme (ie, 1000 milligrammes) of linseed oil. ..."

9. A Practical Treatise on the Manufacture of Soap and Candles by Carl Deite, Alwin Engelhardt, Karl Schaedler (1888)
"saponify 20 pounds of cocoanut-oil with 10 pounds of caustic soda lye of 40° B. and stir in 4 pounds of flowers of sulphur. The soap may also be prepared in ..."

10. The Analyst (1879)
"In the following experiments, I therefore give the number of milligrammes of KH 0 which saponify 1 gramme fat. SAMPLES OF BUTTER FROM THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF ..."

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