Definition of Amyloid

1. Noun. A non-nitrogenous food substance consisting chiefly of starch; any substance resembling starch.

Generic synonyms: Amylum, Starch
Derivative terms: Amyloidal

2. Adjective. Resembling starch.
Exact synonyms: Amylaceous, Amyloidal, Farinaceous, Starchlike
Similar to: Starchy

3. Noun. (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue.
Category relationships: Pathology
Generic synonyms: Protein
Derivative terms: Amyloidal

Definition of Amyloid

1. a. Resembling or containing amyl; starchlike.

2. n. A non-nitrogenous starchy food; a starchlike substance.

Definition of Amyloid

1. Noun. A waxy compound of protein and polysaccharides that is found deposited in tissues in amyloidosis. ¹

2. Noun. Any of various starchlike substances. ¹

3. Adjective. Containing or resembling starch ¹

4. Adjective. (mycology) Applied to a mushroom that turns blue-black upon application of Melzer's reagent. ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Amyloid

1. a hard protein deposit resulting from degeneration of tissue [n -S]

Medical Definition of Amyloid

1. Glycoprotein deposited extracellularly in tissues in amyloidosis. The glycoprotein may either derive from light chain of immunoglobulin (AIO (amyloid of immune origin): 5-18 kD glycoprotein, product of a single clone of plasma cells, the N terminal part of lambda or kappa light chain) or, in what used to be referred to as AUO, amyloid of unknown origin, from serum amyloid A (SAA), one of the acute phase proteins that increases many fold in inflammation. The polypeptides are organised as a _ pleated sheet making the material rather inert and insoluble. Minor protein components are also found. Should be distinguished from _ amyloid deposited in the brain and that is derived from amyloid precursor protein (22 Feb 2008)

Lexicographical Neighbors of Amyloid

amylocaine hydrochloride
amylogenic body
amyloid (current term)
amyloid A-degrading serine protease
amyloid angiopathy
amyloid beta-protein
amyloid beta-protein precursor
amyloid bodies of the prostate
amyloid corpuscle
amyloid degeneration
amyloid nephrosis
amyloid neuropathies
amyloid p component
amyloid plaque
amyloid precursor protein
amyloid protein

Literary usage of Amyloid

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Monographic Medicine by William Robie Patten Emerson, Guido Guerrini, William Brown, Wendell Christopher Phillips, John Whitridge Williams, John Appleton Swett, Hans Günther, Mario Mariotti, Hugh Grant Rowell (1916)
"amyloid kidney, like amyloid liver, is a secondary degenerative disease ... amyloid degeneration of the kidney is coincident with similar lesions in the ..."

2. Elements of the Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates by Gustav Mann, Walther Löb, Henry William Frederic Lorenz, Robert Wiedersheim, William Newton Parker, Thomas Jeffery Parker, Harry Clary Jones, Sunao Tawara, Leverett White Brownell, Max Julius Louis Le Blanc, Willis Rodney Whitney, John Wesley Brown, Wi (1906)
"554, and to the substance forming the casing of Echinococcus, which has been studied by Liicke.- 6. amyloid amyloid is generally held to be a pathological ..."

3. Chemical Pathology: Being a Discussion of General Pathology from the by Harry Gideon Wells (1914)
"These variations probably depend upon the age and stage of development of the amyloid, or upon secondary alterations, and are perhaps related to ..."

4. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London by Royal Society (Great Britain) (1863)
"On the amyloid Substance of the Liver, and its ultimate destination in the Animal Economy." By ROBERT MCDONNELL, MD Communicated by WILLIAM BOWMAN, ..."

5. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences by Southern Society for Clinical Investigation (U.S.) (1859)
"New Observation on amyloid Degeneration. By RÜD. VIRCHOW.—Among various causes of amyloid degeneration which occurred to our author, one in particular was ..."

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