Definition of Chromosome

1. Noun. A threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order. "Humans have 22 chromosome pairs plus two sex chromosomes"

Definition of Chromosome

1. n. One of the minute bodies into which the chromatin of the nucleus is resolved during mitotic cell division; the idant of Weismann.

Definition of Chromosome

1. Noun. (context: biology cytology) A structure in the cell nucleus that contains DNA, histone protein, and other structural proteins. ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Chromosome

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Chromosome

1. The self-replicating genetic structures of cells containing the cellular DNA that bears in its nucleotide sequence the linear array of genes. The DNA of eukaryotes is subdivided into chromosomes, that consist of a number of chromosomes whose DNA is associated with various proteins. The chromosomes become more tightly packed at mitosis and become aligned on the metaphase plate. Each chromosome has a characteristic length and banding pattern. In prokaryotes, chromosomal DNA is circular, and the entire genome is carried on one chromosome. See: C banding, G banding. (10 Nov 1998)

Chromosome Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Chromosome

chromosomal RNA
chromosomal aberration
chromosomal anomaly
chromosomal deletion
chromosomal gap
chromosomal instability syndromes
chromosomal localization
chromosomal localizations
chromosomal map
chromosomal mutation
chromosomal region
chromosomal trait
chromosome (current term)
chromosome 12
chromosome 3p kinase

Literary usage of Chromosome

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. Report by American Genetic Association (1907)
"This chromosome does not take part in synapsis and therefore does not divide in ... They then split into four, two of which have each the extra chromosome. ..."

2. The Journal of Heredity by American Genetic Association (1915)
"The chief objections to the chromosome hypothesis, so far as I can gather them, ... The chromosome hypothesis does not appeal to physiologists and chemists. ..."

3. Biological Bulletin by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.) (1918)
"BIOLOGICAL BULLETIN TWO NEW EYE COLORS IN THE THIRD chromosome OF ... One of these, rose, closely resembles pink and peach of the third chromosome, ..."

4. Science by American Association for the Advancement of Science (1922)
"ROBERT CHAMBERS CORNELL MEDICAL COLLEGE, NEW YORK CITY chromosome ... The writer has found the same chromosome numbers as reported by Sakamura. ..."

5. Sex-linked Inheritance in Drosophila by Thomas Hunt Morgan, Calvin Blackman Bridges (1916)
"The X chromosomes undergo crossing-over in about 60 per cent of the cases, and the crossing-over may occur at any point along the chromosome. ..."

6. Genetics; an Introduction to the Study of Heredity by Herbert Eugene Walter (1922)
"A. THE Y-chromosome The foregoing is the simplest case of sex-determination ... For example, the ^-chromosome may have a "y" partner in the male cells, ..."

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