Definition of Nitroglycerin

1. Noun. A heavy yellow poisonous oily explosive liquid obtained by nitrating glycerol; used in making explosives and medically as a vasodilator (trade names Nitrospan and Nitrostat).




Definition of Nitroglycerin

1. n. A liquid appearing like a heavy oil, colorless or yellowish, and consisting of a mixture of several glycerin salts of nitric acid, and hence more properly called glycerin nitrate. It is made by the action of nitric acid on glycerin in the presence of sulphuric acid. It is extremely unstable and terribly explosive. A very dilute solution is used in medicine as a neurotic under the name of glonion.

Definition of Nitroglycerin

1. Noun. (alternative spelling of nitroglycerine) ¹

¹ Source: wiktionary.com

Definition of Nitroglycerin

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Nitroglycerin

1. A liquid appearing like a heavy oil, colourless or yellowish, and consisting of a mixture of several glycerin salts of nitric acid, and hence more properly called glycerin nitrate. It is made by the action of nitric acid on glycerin in the presence of sulphuric acid. It is extremely unstable and terribly explosive. A very dilute solution is used in medicine as a neurotic under the name of glonion. A great number of explosive compounds have been produced by mixing nitroglycerin with different substances; as, dynamite, or giant powder, nitroglycerin mixed with siliceous earth; lithofracteur, nitroglycerin with gunpowder, or with sawdust and nitrate of sodium or barium; Colonia powder, gunpowder with nitroglycerin; dualin, nitroglycerin with sawdust, or with sawdust and nitrate of potassium and some other substances; lignose, wood fibre and nitroglycerin. Pharmacologic action: Relaxes smooth muscle - dilates veins, dilates coronary arteries, reduces left ventricular filling pressure, lowers systemic vascular resistance, decreases myocardial oxygen demand. Uses: Treat angina pectoris. Dose: One tablet (0.3 to 0.4 mg) sublingual, may repeat twice at 5 minute intervals Intravenous infusion: 0.5 - 2 mcg/kg per min. Potential complications: May cause hypotension, especially if hypovolemic; headache is common. Alternative forms: nitroglycerine. Origin: Nitro- + glycerinn. (17 Mar 2000)

Nitroglycerin Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Nitroglycerin

nitrogenate
nitrogenated
nitrogenates
nitrogenating
nitrogenic
nitrogeniferous
nitrogenise
nitrogenize
nitrogenized
nitrogenless
nitrogenlike
nitrogenous
nitrogenous base
nitrogenous group transferases
nitrogens
nitroglycerin (current term)
nitroglycerin reductase
nitroglycerine
nitroglycerines
nitroglycerins
nitroguanidine
nitroguanidines
nitrohumic
nitrohumic acid
nitrohydrochloric
nitrohydrochloric acid
nitrohydroxyiodophenylacetate
nitroid shock
nitroimidazole
nitroimidazoles

Literary usage of Nitroglycerin

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. The Encyclopedia Americana: A Library of Universal Knowledge (1918)
"As the percentage of nitroglycerin in dynamites with inert bases is reduced, they become more difficult to detonate until when the nitroglycerin is below 30 ..."

2. American Druggist (1890)
"THE manufacture of nitroglycerin dates back about twenty years, ... nitroglycerin is produced by the action of nitric acid on glycerin—a reaction which may ..."

3. A Dictionary of Applied Chemistry by Thomas Edward Thorpe (1912)
"The combustion of nitroglycerin, brought about by contact with an ignited body, gives rise to nitrous vapours and a complicated reaction ; it burns with a ..."

4. Standard Methods of Chemical Analysis: A Manual of Analytical Methods and by Wilfred Welday Scott (1922)
"To determine whether it contains other substances than nitroglycerin, ... The oxidizing action of the nitric acid destroys the nitroglycerin, ..."

5. Physicians' Manual of Therapeutics by Parke, Davis & Company, Davis & Company Parke (1901)
"nitroglycerin, 1-20 gr. (No. 458). nitroglycerin Compound (No. 618); dose, Ii to 2. ... nitroglycerin Compound, R "B" (No. 619); dose, 1 to 2. ..."

6. Publications by E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company (1915)
"For instance, gun- cotton dissolved in nitroglycerin makes a sticky, jelly-like substance which. added to the wood meal and nitrate of soda, ..."

7. The Encyclopaedia Britannica: “a” Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature edited by Hugh Chisholm (1911)
"5) it is safer to export in the frozen state. To prevent the freezing of nitroglycerin in dynamite it has been proposed to add various substances, ..."

8. Handbook of Rock Excavation, Methods and Cost by Halbert Powers Gillette (1916)
"nitroglycerin is not used for blasting to any great extent nowadays. ... The nitroglycerin is poured into tin " shells," 3 to 5 in. diam. by 5 to 20 ft. ..."

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