Definition of Penicillium

1. Noun. Genus of fungi commonly growing as green or blue molds on decaying food; used in making cheese and as a source of penicillin.

Exact synonyms: Genus Penicillium
Generic synonyms: Fungus Genus
Group relationships: Family Moniliaceae, Moniliaceae

Definition of Penicillium

1. Noun. Any of the blue-green fungi, of the genus ''Penicillium'', that are an important source of antibiotics. ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Penicillium

1. [n -LIA]

Medical Definition of Penicillium

1. A genus of fungi (class Ascomycetes, order Aspergillales), species of which yield various antibiotic substances and biologicals; e.g., citrinum yields citrinin; Penicillium claviforme, Penicillium expansum, and Penicillium patulum yield patulin; Penicillium chrysogenum yields penicillin; Penicillium griseofulvum yields griseofulvin; Penicillium notatum yields penicillin and notatin; Penicillium cyclopium and Penicillium puberulum yield penicillic acid; Penicillium purpurogenum and Penicillium rubrum yield rubratoxin. Penicillium marneffei is a true pathogen in Southeast Asia and in the bamboo rats. Origin: see penicillus (05 Mar 2000)

Penicillium Pictures

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Lexicographical Neighbors of Penicillium

penicillin V
penicillin V benzathine
penicillin V hydrabamine
penicillin amidase
penicillin penicillium
penicillin phenoxymethyl
penicillin resistance
penicillin v
penicillinase-resistant antibiotic
penicillium (current term)
penicillium chrysogenum
penicilloic acid
penicilloyl polylysine

Literary usage of Penicillium

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. A Text-book of Mycology and Plant Pathology by John William Harshberger (1917)
"penicillium italicum (Fig. 247) and P. olivaceum occur on tropic fruits, including pineapples, lemons, oranges, etc. The fungus causes extensive ..."

2. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society by Royal Microscopical Society, London (1882)
"Influence of Light on the Growth of penicillium.*—In his experiments on the growth of Fungi in oil,j P. Van Tieghem observed that the development of ..."

3. Lessons in Elementary Biology by Thomas Jeffery Parker (1900)
"Examined with the naked eye a growth of penicillium is seen to have a powdery ... This dust consists, as we shall see, of the spores of penicillium. ..."

4. A Manual of Bacteriology for Agricultural and General Science Students by Howard Sprague Reed (1914)
"Study of penicillium The common green mold, penicillium, is one of the most cosmopolitan of ... penicillium is a fungus genus belonging to the Ascomycetes. ..."

5. Transactions of the Association of American Physicians by Association of American Physicians (1921)
"penicillium LUNG INFECTION BY CHARLES P. EMERSON, MD I! ... In nearly all medical literature the penicillium moulds are stated to be "merely saprophytes" in ..."

6. A Practical treatise on the diseases of the ear: Including the Anatomy of by Daniel Bennett St. John Roosa (1881)
"Wreden was not able to find any penicillium fungus in his cases, but Blake * reports a case in which on the second attack of otitis parasitica, specimens of ..."

7. Pathogenic Micro-organisms; a Text-book of Microbiology for Physicians and by Ward J. MacNeal, Herbert Upham Williams (1914)
"Many other species of pathogenic aspergilli have been described, of less frequent occurrence than A .fumigatus. penicillium ..."

8. A Course on Practical Elementary Biology by John Bidgood (1893)
"CHAPTER V. penicillium. ONE of the commonest of all the moulds, penicillium, is found living on the most diverse substrata where only traces of moisture and ..."

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