Definition of Rheumatism

1. Noun. Any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues.

Generic synonyms: Disease
Derivative terms: Rheumatic

2. Noun. A chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint.
Exact synonyms: Atrophic Arthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis
Category relationships: Virus
Generic synonyms: Arthritis, Autoimmune Disease, Autoimmune Disorder
Specialized synonyms: Psoriatic Arthritis, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Still's Disease
Derivative terms: Rheumatic

Definition of Rheumatism

1. n. A general disease characterized by painful, often multiple, local inflammations, usually affecting the joints and muscles, but also extending sometimes to the deeper organs, as the heart.

Definition of Rheumatism

1. Noun. (pathology) Any disorder of the muscles, tendons, joints, bones, nerves, characterized by pain, discomfort and disability. ¹

2. Noun. (pathology) atrophic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis ¹

¹ Source:

Definition of Rheumatism

1. [n -S]

Medical Definition of Rheumatism

1. A general disease characterised by painful, often multiple, local inflammations, usually affecting the joints and muscles, but also extending sometimes to the deeper organs, as the heart. Inflammatory rheumatism, acute rheumatism attended with fever, and attacking usually the larger joints, which become swollen, hot, and very painful. Rheumatism root. See Twinleaf. Origin: L. Rheumatismus rheum, Gr, fr. To have or suffer from a flux, fr. Rheum: cf. F. Rheumatisme. See 2d Rheum. Source: Websters Dictionary (01 Mar 1998)

Lexicographical Neighbors of Rheumatism

rheumatic diseases
rheumatic endocarditis
rheumatic fever
rheumatic heart disease
rheumatic nodule
rheumatic pericarditis
rheumatic pneumonia
rheumatic tetany
rheumatic torticollis
rheumatic valvulitis
rheumatism (current term)
rheumatism of the heart
rheumatism weed
rheumatoid arteritis
rheumatoid arthritis
rheumatoid arthritis: joint manifestations
rheumatoid disease
rheumatoid factor

Literary usage of Rheumatism

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:

1. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences by Southern Society for Clinical Investigation (U.S.) (1911)
"Rare Occurrences in the rheumatism of Childhood.—FJ POYN- TON (Brit. Med. Jour., 1911, ii, 5) urges the importance of accepting the view that rheumatism in ..."

2. The Monthly Review by Charles William Wason (1842)
"Dr. Haygarth, who gave considerable attention to the subject, estimates the proportion of cases of rheumatism occurring in summer to those occurring in ..."

3. A Treatise on the venereal disease by John Hunter, Ph. Ricord, Freeman Josiah Bumstead (1853)
"There exists, then, a gonorrhœal rheumatism, or, if ybu like it better, ... Be that as it may, so-called gonorrhœal rheumatism, like sympathetic ophthalmia, ..."

4. American Public Health Protection by Henry Bixby Hemenway, Edwin Frederick Bowers, Mary Sewall Gardner (1916)
"CHAPTER XI rheumatism : THE RIDDLE rheumatism is likely to be' something else more frequently than any other disease that afflicts humanity. ..."

5. Medical Lexicon: A Dictionary of Medical Science : Containing a Concise by Robley Dunglison (1848)
"rheumatism seated in the lining membrane of the joints and ... The great preventive of chronic rheumatism, and one of the most valuable curative agents, ..."

6. Clinical Lectures on Senile and Chronic Diseases by Jean Martin Charcot (1881)
"Chief causes of articular rheumatism.—They are common to all forms of the disease. ... Acute articular rheumatism is a disease belonging especially to ..."

Other Resources:

Search for Rheumatism on!Search for Rheumatism on!Search for Rheumatism on Google!Search for Rheumatism on Wikipedia!